Do you think your child's misbehavior is your fault? It's okay to blame the parents for everything. These are the only keys to knowing if your child has oppositional defiant disorder and what to do to solve it.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder is not simply a calling for some behavior problems. Is much more. It is considered as a pathology, or if we want to be clearer, a disease. In fact, it is recognized as such by the American Academy of Psychiatry. It is considered a common problem that can reach up to 16% of common among children and adolescents.
One of the most important things to keep in mind when we talk about behavior problems is to be clear about what we are talking about. The TNDit's not about misbehaving or be somewhat disobedient. Is much more.
Oppositional defiant disorder is also known as oppositional defiant disorder and it is defined by some very specific characteristics.
A pattern of behavior of confrontation, rejection, and defiance of the authority figure appears for a long period of time (clearly more than 6 months) and repeatedly. This is associated with negative, cocky, hostile, irritable, uncooperative behavior and even a tendency to aggressiveness.
It's about guys who get mad and lose control easily. Still, it is a level where there is no breach of the laws or the basic rights of people.
One of the curious aspects of TND is the greater intensity in family environments or socially close to the boy. On the other hand, in situations of little confidence, school, strangers, etc., there may be normal behavior except for extreme cases. These situations usually interfere with social relationships, family life and school performance, among others.
Obviously, this can lead to suspicion of capricious or voluntary behavior on the part of the boy. Furthermore, it favors the mistaken hypothesis that fault of the parents because it is with them that he has the worst behavior. Nothing is further from reality.
The reality is that the cause of this type of disorder always has more than one component.
- There is a genetic and hereditary component linked to an environmental or social-cultural component. Because of this, one thing is clear. The vast majority of cases are problems that are not derived from education parents, so we should not throw the blame the parents of all the problems that the children have.
Beyond a list of symptoms, I care to give an orientation on the Evolutionary process from the onset of symptoms, so that parents can identify and recognize it in time. The sooner the better.
So is as it begins:
- Although it may seem precocious, the first indicators of an oppositional defiant disorder can be perceived from 3-4 years. Although, most problems and behavior disorders begin early, it is usual to detect it From 8 years.
- Usually it is males although it can also occur in girls.
- Initial symptoms usually appear in the family circle but they quickly generalize to school, social situations ...
A) Yes evolves over time:
- When the previous facts are maintained, the consequences can be very negative. Poor academic performance appears despite a normal IQ.
- They resist external demands at all costs.
- They insist on solving their problems independently despite multiple failures.
These are the possible consequences long-term:
- A clear feeling of low self-esteem ends up appearing.
- They develop very little or zero tolerance for frustration
- A mood appears depressed with almost infinite irritability
- It culminates with outbursts of Rage and uncontrolled anger
For this, it is necessary that the referred symptoms are 4 or more of those that I put below:
1. Assiduously gets angry and has tantrums.
2. You frequently argue with adults.
3. Often actively defies adults or refuses to follow through on obligations.
4. Usually deliberately annoying other people.
5. Often accuses others of their mistakes or bad behavior.
6. Often touchy or easily annoyed by others.
7. Is often angry and resentful.
8. He is usually spiteful and vindictive.
In addition, there must be:
- A duration of more than 6 months.
- Produce interference in the vital activities of the person.
- Not due to a psychotic picture.
We must be careful, because other alterations may appear, since this type of disorder does not usually occur in isolation, but is usually associated with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
Depending on the age and intensity of the problem, it is recommended psychological intervention in mild cases and with Pharmacotherapy to decrease impulsivity, in the bass. It is best to always consult with a child specialist.
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