Adolescence is a complicated stage, both for parents and children, for which the best preparation is the previous years, childhood, especially in terms of healthy lifestyle habits.
However, we often find that the changes that our children's bodies undergo affect their metabolism as well, and it is not easy to adapt to the changes. One of these changes affects weight, it is not uncommon to find cases of anorexia and obesity in adolescence. In this case, we focus on the problem of overweight in adolescence.
As an additional problem, during this stage, physical appearance takes on a very high importance among adolescents, following appearance patterns, mostly unreal and idealized, marked by fashion or sports magazines. Although this is a problem, it is necessary to bear in mind that overweight and obesity, as well as extreme thinness, are not problems of appearance, but of health, and that it is necessary to take measures to avoid them and / or to solve them.
Being overweight is the result of consuming more calories than the body needs daily for its functions, and is the first step on the road to obesity and causes:
- Circulatory and hypertensive problems by accumulating in veins and arteries, decreasing their diameter and obstructing blood circulation:
- Heart problems -for similar reasons and due to the risk of hypercholesterolemia- respiratory, since excess weight hinders all types of movement
- Bone problems, who suffer by bearing more weight than they should.
Of all of them, the most common physical problems in adolescence are hypertension, asthma and other respiratory and bone / joint problems associated with weight gain, and the risk of the appearance of cysts in the ovaries, which are usually associated with a amenorrhea
In a strict way, overweight are not that couple of kilos that our 15-year-old daughter wants to lose before summer to wear the bikini that has been bought in the sales, because, if your weight is normal for your height and age, those two kilos "extra" do not affect your health.
Overweight is a relatively serious excess of weight, which can be calculated in terms of Body Mass Index (BMI) or percentiles. Above an 85th percentileIn other words, when the adolescent's weight is above 85% of children of the same gender, age and height, overweight begins to be serious. In terms of BMI, which is the figure obtained from the following weight / height operation2, is considered overweight when it exceeds 21-22 at 13 years of age and increases according to age until 25 at 19 and in adulthood.
It is convenient to be aware of the weight and height of our children, since in adolescence, they can vary drastically in a short time, and thus we will be attentive to take measures if necessary.
You can read more articles similar to Consequences of obesity in adolescence, in the Obesity category on site.