There are two methods that are the most used when teaching children to read and write: the global method and the traditional or synthetic method.
On our site we tell you what each one consists of, how you can put them into practice and the best: the advantages and disadvantages of the methods to learn to read and write
The global method usually begins to apply when the child begins early childhood education, around the age of 3, and relies on the association of words with the images it represents. Very brief and quick visual information is shown to the child by means of information cards. These cards contain an image and its spelling.
We can start with cards that contain words that are familiar to them such as: mom, dad, their name, water, table, chair.
The best way to put this method into practice is regularly and at any time: by reading the street signs or putting up posters at home. In fact, if you look at nursery schools, there are multiple posters: on the coat rack, on the table, on the murals, on the objects in the classroom. They are cards that include a word and its graphic representation.
What advantages does this method have for learning to read and write? Exercise the child's visual memory, so your child will be able to read, for example, the word "fish", if we have previously shown him a card with a picture of a fish and the written word, even if he does not know which letters are the p the e and the z.
Does this method have drawbacksto learn to read and write? Yes, it does, according to experts the global reading system skips a step, which is learning the alphabet, and this can cause the child to have spelling mistakes in the future.
It is the first method to learn to read and write used in early childhood education, the most common and the one that everyone knows. It is based on a basic idea: that the child begins to learn to read the simplest structures of words and once they are known, merge them with more complex ones.
Within this method, there are several ways to teach it:
- Alphabetical: the first thing that the children will be taught is the alphabet starting with the vowels, and at the same time the writing of them is practiced. Then the consonants are learned. Once they get to know and master the different letters, they are combined to form syllables: ma, pa, se ... Finally, the first words and lastly, sentences are formed.
- Phonetic: the child is taught the sound of the letter, for example that is learned as "ssssss", the f as "ffffff" and then it is related to its spelling, that is, how it is written.
What advantages does this method have for learning to read and write? facilitates reading comprehension and also allows the child to understand the function of the writing system. It is the student who builds his own learning.
Does this method of learning to read and write have drawbacks? Yes, there are experts who affirm that the child is forced to read and write mechanically without respecting his maturational evolution, without analyzing whether he is prepared or not. They force you to play syllables that don't make sense to them.
If both methods of learning to read and write have drawbacks, which is the best?
Experts in pedagogy say that the best option is the one that best suits the child. That is, the success of literacy in a child depends on how we teach them, therefore we must adapt the method to the child and not the child to the method. And always playing it like a game, never pressuring or scolding him.
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